Product Overview

Benzaldehyde is a colorless to yellow, oily liquid with a bitter almond odor, available in pure and double-distilled grades. It may contain trace impurities and is prone to auto-ignition and self-heating. Synthesized through processes like hydrolysis of benzal chloride, it’s used in various industries, including pharmaceuticals, perfumes, and flavors.

Found in nature and essential oils of fruits like peaches and cherries, benzaldehyde is also emitted in combustion processes and formed through the photochemical oxidation of toluene and aromatic hydrocarbons.

Characteristic Data

Molar Mass106.12 g/mol
Boiling Point178.1 °C
Melting Point-26 °C
Density1.04 g/cm³
ClassificationOrganic compound
Vapor density3.7 (vs air)
Vapor pressure4 mm Hg ( 45 °C)
Flash point145 °F
Storage tempStore below +30°C
SolubilityH2O: soluble100mg/mL
Odor TypeFruity
Water Solubility<0.01 g/100 mL at 19.5 ºC
Freezing Point-56℃


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Benzaldehyde is the simplest representative of the aromatic aldehydes, with the chemical formula C₆H₅CHO. It is a key compound found in the glycoside amygdalin and is widely used in various industrial applications.

Benzaldehyde occurs naturally as the glycoside amygdalin, which is present in certain plants. Synthetically, it can be prepared through chemical processes and is a valuable compound in the chemical industry.

Benzaldehyde is used extensively in the manufacture of dyes, cinnamic acid, and various other organic compounds. Its versatility makes it a valuable precursor in the synthesis of a wide range of chemical products.

Benzaldehyde is employed to some extent in perfumes and flavoring agents. Its aromatic properties contribute to its use in creating fragrances, while its distinctive flavor enhances certain food and beverage products.

While benzaldehyde is generally considered safe when handled properly, it is important to adhere to safety guidelines and regulations to ensure proper storage, handling, and disposal. Safety measures contribute to minimizing potential risks associated with its use.

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