Product Overview

Benzyl alcohol is a colorless liquid with a slight, sweet odor, widely occurring in essential oils and foods. Used as a catalyst for epoxy resins and in the color developer C-22, it can be oxidized to benzaldehyde. With applications in fragrance synthesis and esterification, caution is advised due to its skin irritation potential. Commercially prepared through distillation or the Cannizzaro reaction, it serves as a preservative and solubilizer in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. Despite its broad use, caution is urged in neonatal formulations due to historical adverse reactions.

Characteristic Data

Property Value
Formula C7H8O
Density 1.04 g/cm³
Molar Mass 108.14 g/mol
Boiling Point 205 °C
Vapor density 3.7 (vs air)
Vapor pressure 13.3 mm Hg ( 100 °C)
Flash point 201 °F
Storage temp Store at +2°C to +25°C.
Form Liquid
Color APHA: ≤20
Odor Mild, pleasant.
Odor Type floral
IUPAC ID Phenyl Methanol
Melting Point -15 °C
Solubility Water
Water Solubility 4.29 g/100 mL (20 ºC)


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Benzyl alcohol is an aromatic alcohol with the chemical formula C₆H₅CH₂OH. The benzyl group is commonly abbreviated as “Bn,” leading to the shorthand notation BnOH. It is characterized by a colorless liquid state and possesses a mild, pleasant aromatic odor.

Benzyl alcohol is valued for its versatility and is commonly used as a solvent. Its unique combination of polarity, low toxicity, and low vapor pressure makes it suitable for various applications, including use in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and as a solvent in the manufacturing process of different chemical compounds.

Yes, benzyl alcohol is generally recognized as safe for use. Its low toxicity profile makes it a preferred choice in various industries. However, as with any chemical substance, it is important to follow recommended guidelines and safety measures during handling.

Benzyl alcohol’s utility as a solvent stems from its polarity, low toxicity, and low vapor pressure. These characteristics make it effective in dissolving a wide range of substances. Industries such as pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and chemical manufacturing often utilize benzyl alcohol as a solvent due to its favorable properties.

Yes, benzyl alcohol is identifiable by its mild and pleasant aromatic odor. The aromatic nature of the compound adds to its versatility, making it suitable for applications where its odor is desirable, such as in the formulation of perfumes and fragrances.

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