Product Overview

Benzyl chloride, or α-chlorotoluene, is an organic compound with the formula C₆H₅CH₂Cl. Benzyl chloride is a colorless to slightly yellow liquid with a strong, unpleasant odor. The stabilized form contains a sodium carbonate solution or propylene oxide. It has an odor threshold of 0.05 ppm. This compound is a colorless to pale yellowish-brown liquid with a pungent, aromatic, irritating odor. It is slightly soluble in water and freely soluble in various organic solvents.

Benzyl chloride finds application in manufacturing benzyl compounds, dyes, artificial resins, tanning agents, pharmaceuticals, plasticizers, synthetic tannins, perfumes, lubricants, and quaternary ammonium compounds. It is also used in preparing phenylacetic acid.

Characteristic Data

Molar Mass126.58 g/mol
Density1.1 g/cm³
Boiling Point179 °C
Melting point-39 °C
Vapor density4.36 (vs air)
Vapor pressure10.3 mm Hg ( 60 °C)
Flash point165 °F
Storage tempStore below +30°C
Solubilitysoluble0.46g/L at 30°C (Decomposes in contact with water)
ColorClear colorless to slightly yellow
OdorPungent, irritating
Water Solubility0.3 g/L (20 ºC)


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Benzyl chloride, also known as α-chlorotoluene, is an organic compound represented by the chemical formula C₆H₅CH₂Cl. It is a colorless liquid with significant importance in various chemical processes.

Benzyl chloride serves as a reactive organochlorine compound and is widely used as a chemical building block in organic synthesis. It participates in reactions that lead to the formation of various organic compounds.

Benzyl chloride exists as a colorless liquid. It is a reactive compound, particularly known for its ability to undergo substitution reactions, making it valuable in the synthesis of diverse organic molecules.

Benzyl chloride finds application in the production of pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, and other specialty chemicals. Its versatile reactivity makes it a valuable precursor in the synthesis of various organic products.

Benzyl chloride is a reactive and potentially hazardous substance. Safety precautions, including the use of appropriate protective equipment, proper ventilation, and adherence to handling guidelines, are crucial when working with this compound.

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